A new study has found that smartphones are so addictive, they should come with a health warning.
The study, titled Smartphone Use, Addiction, Narcissism, and Personality: A Mixed Methods Investigation, found that 13 percent of people who took part were addicted to their smartphone, with the users spending an average of 3.6 hours using their device each day.
The majority of the 256 participants also claimed that using their smartphones resulted in major distractions from many parts of their lives such as hobbies, relationships, education and employment.
The study, which was carried out by the University of Derby, is believed to the be first to look at smartphone addiction in the UK, also found that smartphone use can lead to narcissistic and neurotic behaviour.
Dr Zaheer Hussain, lecturer in Psychology at the University of Derby said: “The study informs us about smartphone overuse and the impact on psychological well-being. We now use smartphones on a daily basis and for various tasks so being aware of the psychological effects is very important.
“There are various smartphone apps such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Candy Crush, as well as Skype and email that make smartphone use psychologically more attractive and can lead to addiction.”
35 percent of participants also admitted to using their phones in places or situations where they knew they shouldn’t, such as when driving a car.
Social networking apps (87%) proved to be the most popular with participants, followed by instant messaging apps (52%).
Whilst 46.8 per cent of participants spoke positively about improved social relations, nearly a quarter said their smartphones caused ‘real life’ issues, which included less conversations and a breakdown in communications due to the amount of time they spent on their smartphones when in the company of friends and family.
Professor James Elander, Head of the Centre for Psychological Research at the University of Derby, said: “This study is a very timely one with much potential impact, and the findings show that users should be more aware of how they are using their smartphones and of the potential risks of excessive use.
Jonathan is our Google Nexus and Android enthusiast. He is also fanatical about football which makes it all the more strange that he should support Stockport County. In addition to writing about tech, Jonathan has a passion for fitness and nutrition and has previously written for one the UK’s leading watch and horology websites.